The extraordinaary dimensions of many modern stone sculptures have given rise to a phenomenon largely unprecedented in the past: outdoor display.
Some museums having gardens have extended their art collections “en plein air”. Others have been specifically creted with the purpose of creating exhibition space for works which would otherwise be “suffocated” in an interior or urban context.
In Italy, such centres are mostly privately owned and therefore rarely open to the public at large. Yet, in any case, there are several sites open to the public. Given its particular characteristics, mention can be made first and foremost of the monumental complex of “Campo del Sole”, set up at Tuoro, on the shores of Lake Trasimene. It boasts 27 columns-sculptures arranged in a spiral layout involving the work of many different artists.
The “collection” begins with a “table” by Pietro Cascella and unwinds through the very different works of numerous sculptors. Joshin Ogata, Kengiro Azuma, Iginio Balderi, Rinaldo Bigi, Mauro Staccioli, Joe Tilson, Cordelia Von den Steinen, Francesco Somaini, Costantino Nivola, Friedrich Volker Marten, Lugi Mainolfi and Pasquale Liberatore.
Just 20 kilometrs from Florence is the Park Museum of Seano, where works wich sculptor Quinto Martini donated to his birthplace are exhibited.
Better know are the Sicilian centres of Gibellina and Fiumara.The first boasts evocative works by Carla Accardi, Emilio Isgrò, Nanda Vigo, Fausto Melotti and Alberto Burri. The latter has sculptures of colossal dimensions.
The most articulate and complete is probably the Pagani Foundation at Castellanza, near Legnano.
Here, there was outside area has marbles and granites by some of the bestknown artists of the 1900s: Jean Arp, Alexander Arcipenko, Gio’ Pomodoro, Carmelo Cappello, Agenore Fabbri, Lorenzo Guerrini, Antonio Paradiso, Antonio Tammaro, Vittorio Tavernari and so on. Visitors can also admire the mosaics of figures such as Ferdinand Leger and Mauro Reggiani.
Outside Italy, one of the museums best-know in Europe for its sculpture garden is the famous “Kroeller-Mueller” set up in the Dutch National Park, at Hoge Veluwe. Tall, trees, hills and small lakes provide a setting where one can admire works by Rodin, Moore, Lipchtiz and Giacometti.
Equally celebrated is the “Louisiana Museum” at Humlebaek, in Denmark.
A green lawn overlooking the sea becomes, on sunny days, a place to wonder over the sculptures by Jean Arp, Max Bill, Alexander Calder, Max Ernst, Henri Laurens, Joan Miró and Henry Moore.
by Lorenzo Iseppi – L’Informatore del Marmista Nr. 569.